300 years ago, on July 27, 1714, at the cape of Gangut (peninsula of Hanko) in the Gulf of Finland, the Russian fleet crushed Swedish. It was the large sea victory of the Russian fleet first in the history of Russia. The Russian fleet Fyodor Apraksin and the sovereign Pyotr Alekseevich ordered. The victory at the peninsula of Gangut provided to the Russian fleet a freedom of action in the Finnish and Botnichesky gulfs, now the ships could give effective support to the Russian ground forces and strike blow to the coast of Sweden.
In fight near Poltava on June 27, 1709 the Russian armies inflicted over the Swedish army resolute defeat. The victory near Poltava gave the chance to consolidate progress of the Russian weapon on coast of the Gulf of Finland and to throw down a challenge to sea power of the Swedish empire on open spaces of the Baltic Sea. Pyotr made a final decision on capital transfer to St. Petersburg.
Large connections of the Russian army, being going to defend internal areas of the Russian state from the Swedish invasion (Karl XII planned invasion for the purpose of capture of Moscow), were thrown on the Baltic direction. It was necessary to force out the Swedish armies from the coast of the Finnish and Riga gulfs.
In interaction with the ships of the Baltic fleet, the Russian army achieved outstanding successes. In March, 1710 the case under command of the admiral count Fedor Apraksin on ice of the Gulf of Finland left to Vyborg – strategic Swedish fortress, besieged it and with fleet support, on June 12 occupied the city. The Vyborg campaign of the Baltic fleet became an excellent lesson for staff. Same year resolute success in Estlyandiya and Liflyandiya was achieved: the Russian armies took Riga, Pernov and Revel. The Baltic Fleet received important bases.
However, despite serious defeats, loss of the major territories and defensive boundaries, disorder in economy, the Swedish government persisted and continued war. Swedes managed to push the Ottoman Empire against Russia. It is slowed down approach of the Russian armed forces on the Baltic direction a little. Only at the price of refusal of Azov Pyotr Alekseevich managed to make the peace with Porta. It allowed to concentrate again all forces in fight against the Swedish empire and to resume active operations on the Baltic Sea.
The Russian armies took the Swedish strong points in campaign of 1713 on the northern coast of the Gulf of Finland. The Russian army took Helsingfors, Byerneborg, the Vase and left to the coast of the Gulf of Bothnia.
The Swedish command decided not to allow to the Russian armies to use those opportunities which opened before them with an exit to east coast of the Gulf of Bothnia. It was for this purpose necessary to block the Russian fleet in the Gulf of Finland, without having allowed it to break to Abo-Alandsky shkher where the Russian galleys had advantage over sailing Swedish fleet and further. In Stockholm decided to concentrate the main forces of fleet in the place most convenient for this purpose – at the peninsula of Gangut. The peninsula located at the mouth of the Gulf of Finland, far moved forward in the sea and near it there were the big depths, allowing to work больш